This brief guide is intended for students and teachers who are interested in learning the basics of observing children in their everyday surroundings. My review of works in the field led me to the conclusion that most books on the subject set out a list of requirements for “objective observation” that are daunting to all but the most devoted researcher and, in fact, can become a screen rather than a window between observer and observed. For this reason, I have attempted to provide a series of guidelines that should make the process of observation engaging rather than tedious, while yielding textured, nuanced material for interpretation. Three helpful works on observing young children are cited on the last page.
Franklin, Margery B., "Guidelines for Observing Young Children in School" (1994). Child Development Institute Research and Resources. 4.